Arequipa is the second biggest city in Peru. It is surrounded by 6000m high volcanoes and is often called the white city, as most of the buildings are made from white volcanic rock. It is also home to one of the largest and most beautiful convents in the world.
A hike to the Rainbow Mountain is a great day trip from Cuzco. It is known for its characteristic stripes of many different colors, which arise due to a variety of minerals in the soil. The mountain has a stunning location at 5200m of altitude in the Peruvian Andes.